Culturally rich, bio-diverse and endowed with natural resources, North-East India forms a distinct region with its language and customs. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura. and the Himalayan state of Sikkim form the Seven Sister States.
Connected to mainland India by a narrow strip of land, Northeast India is the eastern-most region of the country. The Siliguri Corridor in West Bengal, with an average width of 21 km to 40 km, connects the North Eastern region with the mainland Indian sub-continent.
North Eastern states share more than 4500 km of border with Bhutan to the northwest, Myanmar in the east, South Tibet in the north and Bangladesh in the southwest.
Most North Eastern states have over 60 per cent of geographical area under forest cover. No wonder then that the region supports some of the highest floral and faunal diversities. As many as 51 forest types are found which are broadly classified into six major types. It boasts of as many as 850 bird species and about 8000 species of flowering plants.
The region is also known for its great ethnic and religious diversity. As many as 220 languages in three different language groups are spoken in the region. A large number of tribes – from the Nagas to the Mishmis – are found in North East.
Though it attracts less number of tourists as compared to mainland India, the region is known for its natural beauty and salubrious climate. The region also attracts a lot of adventure enthusiasts too.
The airlines that fly to North-East regularly are Indian Airlines, IndiGo, Spicejet and Vistara. Here are some of the airports that you can fly to reach North-East India.
- Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Guwahati
- Imphal International Airport, Manipur
- Silchar Airport, Assam
- Dibrugarh Airport, Assam
- Dimapur Airport, Nagaland
- Agartala Airport, Tripura
There are also helicopter services available to Aizwal and Naharlagun.
Several Indian cities are connected to states in the North-East such as Arunachal Pradesh and Assam by train. There are stations at Guwahati, Lumding, Bongaigaon, Dibrugarh as well as Tinsukia to reach north-east.